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blog details: If you're having trouble conceiving, the in vitro fertilization process may be a miracle.
One of the most sought-after assisted reproductive techniques in the world is in vitro fertilization (IVF), which is often combined with other techniques such as intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), and preimplantation genetic screening (PGS). . .
IVF: What is it?
Couples who have not been able to conceive naturally should consider IVF Treatment as an assisted reproductive technology. By combining sperm and eggs in a petri dish in a carefully controlled, completely clean environment, the IVF process mimics natural fertilization. After fertilization, one or more embryos are transferred to the uterus for implantation.
Who is best suited for IVF?
IVF is generally used as a last resort after unsuccessful attempts at ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination (IUI). It may be recommended as a first-line treatment for couples experiencing certain types of infertility. IVF include:
Tubal infertility: A condition in which the fallopian tubes are blocked or absent, preventing sperm from reaching the egg or preventing a fertilized egg from reaching the uterus.
Impaired sperm function: Problems with sperm production, morphology, or motility
PCOS: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that prevents ovulation and increases the risk of miscarriage.
Endometriosis is a condition in which uterine tissue grows outside the uterus, resulting in scarring and adhesions.
Irregular Menstruation: Ovulatory dysfunction results in poor egg quality and infrequent ovulation, reducing the chances of conception.
Surrogacy: If a gestational carrier is chosen, IVF is required to transfer the embryos into the surrogate's uterus.
What are the IVF procedures?
Listed below are the seven steps that IVF typically takes.
Fertility medications are first given to stimulate ovarian follicle maturation. To ensure that the follicles are responding well during this period, the fertility specialist will closely monitor hormone levels and uterine development.
Egg collection is a simple procedure that is performed under anesthesia. To collect eggs from mature follicles, a fine needle is inserted through the vagina.
After the egg and sperm unite, they combine to form multiple embryos. This process may or may not involve the use of additional technologies such as PGS, PGD, and ICSI.
Embryos are left to develop for four to five days until they reach the blastocyst stage. They are then graded based on their quality and integrity.
When the embryo is four or five days old and has developed into a blastocyst, it is transferred to the uterus for implantation. You have the option to cryopreserve your remaining embryos for future use.
Two weeks after your embryo transfer, comes judgment day, when you find out whether your procedure was successful or not.
After two weeks, it's time for an ultrasound to check for a heartbeat.
What are the risks of IVF?
IVF carries some risks but can be minimized in the hands of an experienced fertility specialist. Below are some of the risks.
There is always a risk of multiple births if more than one embryo is transferred into the uterus, which can lead to premature birth and low birth weight. Consider this when deciding on a hospital. A hospital that limits the number of embryos that can be transferred usually reflects the skill and expertise of their fertility specialist.
Low birth weight and premature birth
According to some studies, IVF increases the risk of premature birth and low birth weight. Consequently, your hospital must be prepared to effectively manage these risks by prioritizing potential preemies.
Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome
IVF involves stimulating the ovaries. If used improperly, ovulation-inducing medication can result in ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), which causes the ovaries to enlarge and become extremely painful and uncomfortable. To reduce your risk of OHSS, the experience of your fertility specialist is important.
If you've tried various other treatments without success, IVF may be your only hope. This means that many couples struggling to conceive want to use it because of its exceptional success rate and cutting-edge technology.
keywords: IVF Treatment, ovulation induction, intrauterine insemination (IUI), IVF procedure, risks of IVF, IVF Treatment in india
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