blog address: https://liverindia.in/
blog details: An intestinal transplant is a complex surgical procedure that involves replacing a damaged
or non-functional intestine with a healthy intestine from a donor. This procedure is
typically considered when other medical treatments have failed to adequately manage
intestinal failure or severe gastrointestinal disorders.
Intestinal failure can occur due to a variety of reasons, including congenital defects,
diseases such as Crohn's disease or necrotizing enterocolitis, trauma, or surgical
complications. When the intestines cannot properly absorb nutrients and fluids, patients
can suffer from malnutrition, dehydration, and other severe complications.
The intestinal transplant procedure involves removing the damaged intestine and
replacing it with a donated intestine. Depending on the patient's condition, the transplant
may involve just the small intestine or both the small and large intestines (small bowel and
multivisceral transplants, respectively). In some cases, the liver may also be transplanted
along with the intestines if there are complications affecting the liver as well.
The transplantation process is highly complex and carries significant risks, including
rejection of the transplanted organ by the recipient's immune system. Therefore, patients
who undergo intestinal transplants require lifelong immunosuppressive medications to
prevent organ rejection.
Although it is possible for a living donor to donate an intestine segment, most intestine
transplants involve a whole organ from a deceased donor. Intestinal transplants is a very
challenging procedure. It is the least frequently performed vascularized intra abdominal
Small intestinal transplant can be of different types.
• Intestine only
• Modified multivisceral transplant including all organs except the liver
• Full multivisceral transplant including the stomach, duodenum, pancreas, intestine
• Combined liver and intestine with pancreas transplant.
Dr. Karthik Mathivanan is a medical stalwart with more than 15 years of experience as a
multi-organ transplant surgery specialist specializing in liver, small bowel, kidney, and
pancreatic transplantation and rehabilitation. He is one of the best liver doctor in
Chennai. At MGM Healthcare, he is currently the Associate Director of Liver and Multiorgan Transplantation, as well as HPB surgery. He is the specialist transplant surgeon to
initiate free liver clinics across Tamil Nadu spreading awareness even to very rural and
remote areas with minimal access to quality healthcare
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